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3ds Max的场景布局及场景建模
2017-03-01 18:14:47   来源:网络    评论:0 点击:

文章名称:“3ds Max的场景布局及场景建模”,您有不懂之处可以在文章末尾参与回复提问喔。
 

3ds Max的场景布局及场景建模

了解如何使用3ds Max和Marmoset创建一个世界末日的立体模型,这是您建模技能的完美组合展示。 第一部分 - 场景布局和建模...

Learn how to create an apocalyptic diorama with 3ds Max and Marmoset, the perfect portfolio showcase of your modeling skills. In part one - scene layoutand modeling...

This tutorial will guide you through the process of creating a diorama that you will be able to interact with in your web browser. The tutorial will be split into three parts. I will use 3ds Max for modeling, Substance Painter 2 for texturing, and Marmoset Toolbag for creating the interactive scene and exporting to a web browser.

本教程将指导您完成创建diorama的过程,您将能够在Web浏览器中进行交互。 本教程将分为三个部分。 我将使用3ds Max进行建模,使用Substance Painter 2进行纹理化,并使用Marmoset Toolbag创建交互式场景并导出到Web浏览器。

Step 1: Base terrain simple modeling

Here are four separate meshes that make up the floor of the environment. We have what will be a dirt terrain under the road tarmac, a curb, a pavement and an overgrown patch of grass land. I used simple box modeling techniques to create these meshes, they are quite low res as I wanted the materials, textures and lighting to do most of the work for me. The meshes didn't need to be too high detailed.

步骤1:基本地形简单建模

这里有四个独立的网格,构成了环境的地板。 我们将做一个越野的地形在柏油路面,路边,路面和杂草丛生的草地。 我使用简单的盒子建模技术来创建这些网格,他们是相当低的res,因为我想要的材料,纹理和照明为我做的大部分工作。 网格不需要太高的细节。

Step 2: Tarmac road geometry

Again very simple modeling was used to create the tarmac mesh for the road surface. I started off with simple plane primitives, and extruded edges and manipulated verts to get the desired shape. Once I was happy with the shapes of the tarmac, I then selected the boarders of the planes and extruded down to give them depth.

步骤2:柏油道路几何

再次,非常简单的建模用于创建路面的柏油碎石网格。 我开始与简单的平面原函数,挤压边和操纵的verts以获得所需的形状。 一旦我对柏油碎石地面的形状感到满意,我就选择了边界,然后挤压下来给它们深度。

Step 3: Underground meshes

I decided to add some underground dirt and sewer pipes, this would give the diorama more depth and more interest for the viewer. To model the more organic shape of the dirt mound I subdivided a box and used the editable poly tool 'Paint Deform' to naturally push and pull the mesh to form an interesting shape. To break the dirt up a little I added sewer pipes. This would allow me to add other interest like litter and water flowing from the pipe.

步骤3:地下网格

我决定添加一些地下污物和下水道管道,这将给观景者更深入和更多的兴趣。 为了模拟土堆的更有机的形状,我细分了一个盒子,并使用可编辑的多边形工具“油漆变形”来自然地推拉网格以形成有趣的形状。 为了打破污垢我增加了下水道管道。 这将允许我添加其他兴趣,如垃圾和水流从管道。

Step 4: Wall and railing

I created a modular wall piece to allow me to duplicate the mesh seamlessly in the environment. For the walls, I extruded faces of a simple box to form the column. The lower wall was modeled separately and then attached to the main column. For the railings, I used cylinders and boxes. Really simple modeling, but should be good enough for what we need.

步骤4:墙和栏杆

我创建了一个模块化的墙体,让我在环境中无缝地复制网格。 对于墙壁,我挤压一个简单的盒子的面形成列。 分别对下壁进行建模,然后连接到主柱。 对于栏杆,我使用缸和箱。 真的很简单的建模,但应该足够好我们需要的。

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Step 5: Traffic lights model

The traffic lights are an important part of the diorama as not only will they add some vertical interest to the composition, but also allow me to bring in some synthetic lighting. This should add a lot of visual interest. The mesh was made the same way as the other meshes, but I used spline modeling for the wires, which allowed me to use the spline handles to create a natural drop for the wires. Make the spline tenderable in the viewport and then convert to editable mesh.

步骤5:交通灯模型

交通灯是立体模型的重要组成部分,因为它不仅会增加构图的垂直兴趣,而且还允许我引入一些合成照明。 这应该增加很多视觉趣味。 网格是与其他网格相同的方式,但我使用样条线建模的电线,这允许我使用样条手柄创建一个自然下降的电线。 使视口中的样条变得柔软,然后转换为可编辑的网格。

Step 6: Grass clump asset

I started by creating singular blades of grass using plane primitives. Once I had the basic blade shape I then duplicated the blade of grass multiple times to create different variants of the grass. I scaled each blade and used the bend modifier to curl the grass by different amounts. This helped keep the grass looking random. Once I had enough blades of grass I created a clump of grass.

步骤6:草丛

我开始使用平面原函数创建奇异的草叶集。一旦我有基本的刀片形状,然后复制的草叶多次创建不同的草变种。我缩放每一个刀片和使用弯曲修改器卷曲不同数额的草。这有助于保持草看起来随机。一旦我有足够的叶片,我创建了一个丛草。

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Step 7: Duplicating grass clumps

I would then use this grass clump asset to populate the scene and create the overgrown environment. I placed the grass clumps in the cracks of the road and near where the water would be by the sewer. Around the back of the wall I wanted this area to be dense with foliage so the grass really helped bulk out this area.

步骤7:复制草丛

然后我将使用这个草丛资产填充场景,并创建过度生长的环境。 我把草丛放在路的裂缝中,靠近下水道的水。 在墙的后面,我想要这个区域与树叶密集,所以草真的帮助散布这个地区。

Step 8: Rusty old car

I modeled a very simple rusty old car. This took a little more time than the other assets as it had more detail in it, but it was still very simple. I wanted the car to look partly burned out and rusting away, and so the textures would be important.

第8步:生锈的旧车

我模拟了一个非常简单的生锈的老车。 这比其他资产花费了更多的时间,因为它有更多的细节,但它仍然很简单。 我想让汽车看起来部分烧毁和生锈,所以纹理会很重要。

Step 9: Scattering rubbish

To further show the environment was abandoned I placed rubbish around. I used bin bags, bottles and rusty cans. I placed them in interesting areas where they would be visible and up against places like the wall. This would help ground the wall to the terrain beneath, and break up the straight lines. I also added some rubbish in the sewer pipes to add some interest.[page]

步骤9:散射垃圾

为了进一步显示环境我放弃放垃圾。 我用垃圾袋,瓶子和生锈的罐子。 我把他们放在有趣的地方,他们会看到,像墙上的地方。 这将有助于将墙壁接地到下面的地形,并打破直线。 我还在下水道管道中添加了一些垃圾,以增加一些兴趣。

Step 10: A large tree

I wanted to have one large tree in the scene which would add more verticality and organic details to the environment. The trunk was modeled using a cylinder primitive and editable poly tools to create the shape. For the leaves, I used planes that would be textured to have leaves and small branches on. These planes were attached to the main limbs of the tree trunk.

步骤10:一棵大树

我想在场景中有一个大树,这将增加更多的垂直性和有机的细节环境。 树干使用圆柱基元和可编辑的多边形工具来建模以创建形状。 对于叶子,我使用的纹理将有叶子和小分支的平面。 这些平面附着在树干的主肢上。

Step 11: The finished scene

Here is the finished scene. I have added tree roots to the dirt mound to help to break up the repetitive dirt. I also modeled a fire barrel, which will be a good source of lighting for the scene and provide an area of interest. I modeled a fire hydrant that was placed in front of the car to give the impression of the car hitting it and bursting the water pipe, giving a reason for the excess water in this area. To finish off the scene I added some running water flowing out of the sewer pipes. This completed the modeling phase of this project; it's very simple modeling but I will be relying on the materials and lighting to making this piece impressive.[page]

步骤11:完成的场景

这里是完成的场景。 我已经添加树根到土堆,以帮助打破重复的污垢。 我还建模了一个火桶,这将是一个很好的照明源的场景,并提供一个感兴趣的领域。 我模拟了一个消防栓,放在车前,给人的印象,汽车打它,破裂的水管,给出了在这个区域多余的水的原因。 为了完成现场,我添加了一些流水从下水道管道。 这完成了这个项目的建模阶段; 它是非常简单的建模,但我会依靠材料和照明,使这件令人印象深刻。

Top tip: 2D texture planes

For the fire barrel, I wanted this area to have some interesting lighting coming from the fire, so I will have to create some hot glowing fire to go inside. To do this I used 2D texture planes. These will be fine for this project as I don't want them animated. I created two planes that crossed each other and the fire texture will use an alpha channel to cut out the flames. Marmoset can then glow this texture to give the impression it is red hot. 2D planes are good for creating all sorts of effects for your scene.

顶端提示:2D纹理平面

对于消防桶,我想要这个区域有一些有趣的照明从火中来,所以我将不得不创建一些热发光的火进去。 为此,我使用2D纹理平面。 这些将精致的这个项目,因为我不想让他们像动画。 我创建了两个彼此交叉的飞机,火纹理将使用alpha通道切割火焰。 Marmoset然后可以发光这种纹理给人的印象是炽热。 2D平面适合为您的场景创建各种效果。

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